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SWI-Prolog HTTP support library

This directory provides the SWI-Prolog libraries for accessing and providing HTTP services.

Client library

The main client library is library(http/http_open), which can open both HTTP and HTTPS connections and handle all request methods.

Server library

The main server libraris are

  • library(http/thread_httpd) implements the server
  • library(http/http_dispatch) implements binding locations predicates
  • library(http/http_unix_daemon) implements integration in various Unix server managers and in general provides a suitable entry point for HTTP servers on Unix.
  • library(http/html_write) implements generating HTML
  • library(http/http_json) implements reading and writing JSON documents.

For simplicity, you can use library(http/http_server), which combines the typical HTTP libraries that most servers need. The idea of a common request handling system and three controlling libraries is outdated; the threaded server now being the only sensible controlling library.

Requirements

This library uses functionality from the ssl package to support HTTPS, the sgml package to read XML/HTML and the clib package for various extensions.

Prolog files

ax.pl  -- Attribute Exchange libraryShow source
ax_alias/2True when Alias is an alias name for the AX schema URL.Source
ax_form_attributes/2True if Values is a list Alias(Value) for each exchanged attribute.Source
http_ax_attributes/2True when HTTPAttributes is a list of Name=Value pairs that can be used with an HTTP request to query for the attributes Spec.Source
html_head.pl  -- Automatic inclusion of CSS and scripts linksShow source
html_quasiquotations.pl  -- HTML quasi quotationsShow source
html_write.pl  -- Write HTML textShow source
http_authenticate.pl  -- Authenticate HTTP connections using 401 headersShow source
http_authenticate/3True if Request contains the information to continue according to Type.Source
http_authorization_data/2Decode the HTTP Authorization header.Source
http_current_user/3True when User is present in the htpasswd file File and Fields provides the additional fields.Source
http_read_passwd_file/2Read a password file.Source
http_write_passwd_file/2Write password data Data to File.Source
authenticate/3Plugin for library(http_dispatch) to perform basic HTTP authentication.Source
http_client.pl  -- HTTP client libraryShow source
post_data_hook/3Hook to extend the datatypes supported by the post(Data) option of http_open/3.Source
http_convert_data/4Multi-file hook to convert a HTTP payload according to the Content-Type header.Source
http_delete/3Execute a DELETE method on the server.Source
http_disconnect/1Close down some connections.Source
http_get/3Get data from a URL server and convert it to a suitable Prolog representation based on the Content-Type header and plugins.Source
http_patch/4Issue an HTTP PATCH request.Source
http_post/4Issue an HTTP POST request.Source
http_put/4Issue an HTTP PUT request.Source
http_read_data/3Read data from an HTTP connection and convert it according to the supplied to(Format) option or based on the Content-type in the Request.Source
http_cookie.pl  -- HTTP client cookie handlingShow source
update_cookies/3Update the client cookie database.Source
write_cookies/3Emit a cookie header for the current request.Source
cookie_remove_all_clients/0Simply logout all clients.Source
cookie_remove_client/1Fake user quitting a browser.Source
http_cors.pl  -- Enable CORS: Cross-Origin Resource SharingShow source
cors_enable/0Emit the HTTP header Access-Control-Allow-Origin using domains from the setting http:cors.Source
cors_enable/2CORS reply to a Preflight OPTIONS request.Source
http_digest.pl  -- HTTP Digest authenticationShow source
http_dirindex.pl  -- HTTP directory listingsShow source
http_dispatch.pl  -- Dispatch requests in the HTTP serverShow source
http_404/2Reply using an "HTTP 404 not found" page.Source
http_current_handler/2True if Location is handled by Closure.Source
http_current_handler/3Resolve the current handler and options to execute it.Source
http_delete_handler/1Delete handler for Spec.Source
http_dispatch/1Dispatch a Request using http_handler/3 registrations.Source
http_handler/3Register Closure as a handler for HTTP requests.Source
http_link_to_id/3HREF is a link on the local server to a handler with given ID, passing the given Parameters.Source
http_location_by_id/2True when Location represents the HTTP path to which the handler with identifier ID is bound.Source
http_redirect/3Redirect to a new location.Source
http_reload_with_parameters/3Create a request on the current handler with replaced search parameters.Source
http_reply_file/3Options is a list of.Source
http_request_expansion/2Register Goal for expanding the HTTP request handler.Source
http_safe_file/2True if FileSpec is considered safe.Source
http_switch_protocol/2Send an "HTTP 101 Switching Protocols" reply.Source
http_dyn_workers.pl  -- Dynamically schedule HTTP workers.Show source
schedule_workers/1Called if there is no immediately free worker to handle the incomming request.Source
http_error.pl  -- Decorate uncaught HTTP exceptions with stack-traceShow source
http_exception.pl  -- Map Prolog exceptions to HTTP errorsShow source
bad_request_error/2If an exception of the term error(Formal, context(Stack, Context)) is caught and subsumes_term(ContextTemplate, Context) is true, translate the exception into an HTTP 400 exception.
in_or_exclude_backtrace/2Remove the stacktrace from the exception, unless setting http:client_backtrace is true.Source
map_exception_to_http_status/4Map certain exceptions to HTTP status codes.Source
http_files.pl  -- Serve plain files from a hierarchyShow source
http_header.pl  -- Handling HTTP headersShow source
http_hook.pl  -- HTTP library hooksShow source
convert_parameter/3Hook to execute a step in the HTTP parameter conversion process.
http_connection_over_proxy/6Try to connect to the host Endpoint via Proxy for the purposes of retrieving the resource identified by URLParts.Source
http_host.pl  -- Obtain public server locationShow source
http_current_host/4Source
http_public_host/4Current global host and port of the HTTP server.Source
http_public_host_url/2True when URL is the public URL at which this server can be contacted.Source
http_public_url/2True when URL is an absolute URL for the current request.Source
http_json.pl  -- HTTP JSON Plugin moduleShow source
post_data_hook/3Hook implementation that allows http_post_data/3 posting JSON objects using one of the forms below.Source
http_convert_data/4Hook implementation that supports reading JSON documents.Source
http_read_json/2Extract JSON data posted to this HTTP request.Source
http_read_json/3Extract JSON data posted to this HTTP request.Source
http_read_json_dict/2Similar to http_read_json/2,3, but by default uses the version 7 extended datatypes.Source
http_read_json_dict/3Similar to http_read_json/2,3, but by default uses the version 7 extended datatypes.Source
is_json_content_type/1True if ContentType is a header value (either parsed or as atom/string) that denotes a JSON value.Source
json_type/1True if MediaType is a JSON media type.Source
reply_json/1Formulate a JSON HTTP reply.Source
reply_json/2Formulate a JSON HTTP reply.Source
reply_json_dict/1As reply_json/1 and reply_json/2, but assumes the new dict based data representation.Source
reply_json_dict/2As reply_json/1 and reply_json/2, but assumes the new dict based data representation.Source
http_load.pl  -- Load Prolog code from a web serverShow source
ssl_verify/5Currently we accept all certificates.Source
prolog_load_file/2Hook into load_files/2 that loads http:// and https:// resources directly from the web.Source
http_log.pl  -- HTTP Logging moduleShow source
http_multipart_plugin.pl  -- Multipart form-data pluginShow source
http_open.pl  -- HTTP client libraryShow source
http_openid.pl  -- OpenID consumer and server libraryShow source
openid_associate/3Calls openid_associate/4 as.Source
openid_associate/4Associate with an open-id server.Source
openid_authenticate/4Succeeds if Request comes from the OpenID server and confirms that User is a verified OpenID user.Source
openid_current_host/3Find current location of the server.Source
openid_current_url/2Find the public URL for Request that we can make available to our identity provider.Source
openid_grant/1Handle the reply from checkid_setup_server/3.Source
openid_hook/1Call hook on the OpenID management library.Source
openid_logged_in/1True if session is associated with OpenID.Source
openid_login/1Associate the current HTTP session with OpenID.Source
openid_login_form/4Create the OpenID form.Source
openid_logout/1Remove the association of the current session with any OpenID.Source
openid_server/2Realise the OpenID server.Source
openid_server/3True if OpenIDLogin is the typed id for OpenID verified by Server.Source
openid_user/3True if OpenID is a validated OpenID associated with the current session.Source
openid_verify/2Handle the initial login form presented to the user by the relying party (consumer).Source
ssl_verify/5Accept all certificates.Source
http_parameters.pl  -- Extract parameters (GET and POST) from HTTP requestsShow source
http_convert_parameter/4Conversion of an HTTP form value.Source
http_convert_parameters/2Implements the parameter translation of http_parameters/2 or http_parameters/3.Source
http_convert_parameters/3Implements the parameter translation of http_parameters/2 or http_parameters/3.Source
http_parameters/2Get HTTP GET or POST form-data, applying type validation, default values, etc.Source
http_parameters/3Get HTTP GET or POST form-data, applying type validation, default values, etc.Source
http_path.pl  -- Abstract specification of HTTP server locationsShow source
location/3Multifile hook used to specify new HTTP locations.Source
http_absolute_location/3Path is the HTTP location for the abstract specification Spec.Source
http_absolute_uri/2URI is the absolute (i.e., starting with http://) URI for the abstract specification Spec.Source
http_clean_location_cache/0HTTP locations resolved through http_absolute_location/3 are cached.Source
http_proxy.pl  -- Use HTTP network proxiesShow source
try_proxy/4Connection is via an HTTP proxy for socket: Use HTTP CONNECT.Source
http_pwp.pl  -- Serve PWP pages through the HTTP serverShow source
pwp_handler/2Handle PWP files.Source
reply_pwp_page/3Reply a PWP file.Source
http_redis_plugin.pl  -- Hook session management to use RedisShow source
http_server.pl  -- HTTP server libraryShow source
http_server_files.pl  -- Serve files needed by modules from the serverShow source
http_session.pl  -- HTTP Session managementShow source
http_sgml_plugin.pl  -- Parse of HTML and XML documents for the HTTP client libsShow source
http_ssl_plugin.pl  -- SSL plugin for HTTP librariesShow source
http_connection_over_proxy/6Facilitate an HTTPS connection via a proxy using HTTP CONNECT.Source
http_protocol_hook/5Hook for http_open/3 to connect to an HTTPS (SSL-based HTTP) server.Source
ssl_server_create_hook/3Extensible predicate that is called once after creating an HTTPS server.
ssl_server_open_client_hook/3Extensible predicate that is called before each connection that the server negotiates with a client.
accept_hook/2Implement the accept for HTTPS connections.Source
make_socket_hook/3Hook into http_server/2 to create an SSL server if the option ssl(SSLOptions) is provided.Source
http_stream.pl  -- HTTP StreamsShow source
current_transfer_encoding/1True if Encoding is supported.Source
encoding_filter/3Install a filter to deal with chunked encoded messages.Source
cgi_discard/1Discard content produced sofar.Source
cgi_open/4Process CGI output.Source
cgi_property/2Inquire the status of the CGI stream.Source
cgi_set/2Change one of the properies.Source
cgi_statistics/1Return statistics on the CGI stream subsystem.Source
http_chunked_open/3Create a stream to realise HTTP chunked encoding or decoding.Source
is_cgi_stream/1True if Stream is a CGI stream created using cgi_open/4.Source
multipart_open/3DataStream is a stream that signals end_of_file if the multipart boundary is encountered.Source
multipart_open_next/1Prepare DataStream to read the next part from the multipart input data.Source
stream_range_open/3DataStream is a stream whose size is defined by the option size(ContentLength).Source
http_unix_daemon.pl  -- Run SWI-Prolog HTTP server as a Unix system daemonShow source
http_wrapper.pl  -- Server processing of an HTTP requestShow source
hub.pl  -- Manage a hub for websocketsShow source
current_hub/2True when there exists a hub Hub with Name.Source
hub_add/3Add a WebSocket to the hub.Source
hub_broadcast/2Send Message to all websockets associated with Hub for which call(Condition, Id) succeeds.Source
hub_broadcast/3Send Message to all websockets associated with Hub for which call(Condition, Id) succeeds.Source
hub_create/3Create a new hub.Source
hub_member/2True when Id is a member of the hub HubName.Source
hub_send/2Send message to the indicated ClientId.Source
jquery.pl  -- Provide JQueryShow source
js_grammar.pl  -- JavaScript grammarShow source
js_token/3Matches and classifies the next JavaScript token.Source
js_write.pl  -- Utilities for including JavaScriptShow source
json.pl  -- Reading and writing JSON serializationShow source
atom_json_dict/3Convert between textual representation and a JSON term represented as a dict.Source
atom_json_term/3Convert between textual representation and a JSON term.Source
is_json_term/1True if Term is a json term.Source
is_json_term/2True if Term is a json term.Source
json_read/2Read next JSON value from Stream into a Prolog term.Source
json_read/3Read next JSON value from Stream into a Prolog term.Source
json_read_dict/2Read a JSON object, returning objects as a dicts.Source
json_read_dict/3Read a JSON object, returning objects as a dicts.Source
json_write/2Write a JSON term to Stream.Source
json_write/3Write a JSON term to Stream.Source
json_write_dict/2Write a JSON term, represented using dicts.Source
json_write_dict/3Write a JSON term, represented using dicts.Source
json_write_hook/4Hook that can be used to emit a JSON representation for Term to Stream.Source
json_convert.pl  -- Convert between JSON terms and Prolog application termsShow source
current_json_object/3Multifile predicate computed from the json_object/1 declarations.Source
json_object/1Declare a JSON object.Source
json_to_prolog/2Translate a JSON term into an application term.Source
prolog_bool_to_json/2JSON is the JSON boolean for Prolog.Source
prolog_to_json/2Translate a Prolog application Term into a JSON object term.Source
mimepack.pl  -- Create a MIME messageShow source
mime_pack/3Pack a number of inputs into a MIME package using a specified or generated boundary.Source
mimetype.pl  -- Determine mime-type for a fileShow source
term_html.pl  -- Represent Prolog terms as HTMLShow source
term/4Render a Prolog term as a structured HTML tree.Source
thread_httpd.pl  -- Threaded HTTP serverShow source
schedule_workers/1Hook called if a new connection or a keep-alive connection cannot be scheduled immediately to a worker.Source
http_add_worker/2Add a new worker to the HTTP server for port Port.Source
http_close_connection/1Close connection associated to Request.Source
http_current_server/2True if Goal is the goal of a server at Port.Source
http_current_worker/2True if ThreadID is the identifier of a Prolog thread serving Port.Source
http_enough_workers/3Check that we have enough workers in our queue.Source
http_requeue/1Re-queue a connection to the worker pool.Source
http_server/2Create a server at Port that calls Goal for each parsed request.Source
http_server_property/2True if Property is a property of the HTTP server running at Port.Source
http_spawn/2Continue this connection on a new thread.Source
http_stop_server/2Stop the indicated HTTP server gracefully.Source
http_workers/2Query or set the number of workers for the server at this port.Source
message_level/2Determine the message stream used for exceptions that may occur during server_loop/5.Source
websocket.pl  -- WebSocket supportShow source
http_open_websocket/3Establish a client websocket connection.Source
http_upgrade_to_websocket/3Create a websocket connection running call(Goal, WebSocket), where WebSocket is a socket-pair.Source
ws_close/3Close a WebSocket connection by sending a close message if this was not already sent and wait for the close reply.Source
ws_mask/1Produce a good random number of the mask of a client message.Source
ws_open/3Turn a raw TCP/IP (or any other binary stream) into a websocket stream.Source
ws_property/2True if Property is a property WebSocket.Source
ws_receive/2Receive the next message from WebSocket.Source
ws_receive/3Receive the next message from WebSocket.Source
ws_send/2Send a message over a websocket.Source
yadis.pl  -- Yadis discoveryShow source