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SWI-Prolog HTTP support library

This directory provides the SWI-Prolog libraries for accessing and providing HTTP services.

Client library

The main client library is library(http/http_open), which can open both HTTP and HTTPS connections and handle all request methods.

Server library

The main server libraris are

  • library(http/thread_httpd) implements the server
  • library(http/http_dispatch) implements binding locations predicates
  • library(http/http_unix_daemon) implements integration in various Unix server managers and in general provides a suitable entry point for HTTP servers on Unix.
  • library(http/html_write) implements generating HTML
  • library(http/http_json) implements reading and writing JSON documents.

For simplicity, you can use library(http/http_server), which combines the typical HTTP libraries that most servers need. The idea of a common request handling system and three controlling libraries is outdated; the threaded server now being the only sensible controlling library.

Requirements

This library uses functionality from the ssl package to support HTTPS, the sgml package to read XML/HTML and the clib package for various extensions.

Prolog files

ax.pl  -- Attribute Exchange libraryShow source
html_head.pl  -- Automatic inclusion of CSS and scripts linksShow source
html_quasiquotations.pl  -- HTML quasi quotationsShow source
html_write.pl  -- Write HTML textShow source
html/3Generate HTML from Content.Source
html_begin/3For html_begin//1, Env is a term Env(Attributes); for html_end//1 it is the plain environment name.Source
html_current_option/1True if Option is an active option for the HTML generator.Source
html_end/3For html_begin//1, Env is a term Env(Attributes); for html_end//1 it is the plain environment name.Source
html_meta/1This directive can be used to declare that an HTML rendering rule takes HTML content as argument.Source
html_post/4Reposition HTML to the receiving Id.Source
html_print_length/2Determine the content length of a token list produced using html//1.Source
html_quoted/3Quote the value for normal (CDATA) text.Source
html_quoted_attribute/3Quote the value according to the rules for tag-attributes included in double-quotes.Source
html_receive/3Receive posted HTML tokens.Source
html_receive/4This extended version of html_receive//1 causes Handler to be called to process all messages posted to the channal at the time output is generated.Source
html_root_attribute/4Add an attribute to the HTML root element of the page.Source
html_set_options/1Set options for the HTML output.Source
layout/3Define required newlines before and after tags.Source
page/3Generate a page including the HTML <!DOCTYPE> header.Source
page/4Generate a page including the HTML <!DOCTYPE> header.Source
print_html/1Print list of atoms and layout instructions.Source
print_html/2Print list of atoms and layout instructions.Source
reply_html_page/2Provide the complete reply as required by http_wrapper.pl for a page constructed from Head and Body.Source
reply_html_page/3Provide the complete reply as required by http_wrapper.pl for a page constructed from Head and Body.Source
xhtml_ns/4Demand an xmlns:id=Value in the outer html tag.Source
http_authenticate.pl  -- Authenticate HTTP connections using 401 headersShow source
http_client.pl  -- HTTP client libraryShow source
http_cookie.pl  -- HTTP client cookie handlingShow source
http_cors.pl  -- Enable CORS: Cross-Origin Resource SharingShow source
http_digest.pl  -- HTTP Digest authenticationShow source
http_dirindex.pl  -- HTTP directory listingsShow source
http_dispatch.pl  -- Dispatch requests in the HTTP serverShow source
http_dyn_workers.pl  -- Dynamically schedule HTTP workers.Show source
http_error.pl  -- Decorate uncaught HTTP exceptions with stack-traceShow source
http_exception.pl  -- Map Prolog exceptions to HTTP errorsShow source
http_files.pl  -- Serve plain files from a hierarchyShow source
http_header.pl  -- Handling HTTP headersShow source
http_hook.pl  -- HTTP library hooksShow source
http_host.pl  -- Obtain public server locationShow source
http_json.pl  -- HTTP JSON Plugin moduleShow source
post_data_hook/3Hook implementation that allows http_post_data/3 posting JSON objects using one of the forms below.Source
http_convert_data/4Hook implementation that supports reading JSON documents.Source
http_read_json/2Extract JSON data posted to this HTTP request.Source
http_read_json/3Extract JSON data posted to this HTTP request.Source
http_read_json_dict/2Similar to http_read_json/2,3, but by default uses the version 7 extended datatypes.Source
http_read_json_dict/3Similar to http_read_json/2,3, but by default uses the version 7 extended datatypes.Source
is_json_content_type/1True if ContentType is a header value (either parsed or as atom/string) that denotes a JSON value.Source
json_type/1True if MediaType is a JSON media type.Source
reply_json/1Formulate a JSON HTTP reply.Source
reply_json/2Formulate a JSON HTTP reply.Source
reply_json_dict/1As reply_json/1 and reply_json/2, but assumes the new dict based data representation.Source
reply_json_dict/2As reply_json/1 and reply_json/2, but assumes the new dict based data representation.Source
http_load.pl  -- Load Prolog code from a web serverShow source
http_log.pl  -- HTTP Logging moduleShow source
http_multipart_plugin.pl  -- Multipart form-data pluginShow source
http_open.pl  -- HTTP client libraryShow source
disable_encoding_filter/1Do not use the Content-encoding as Transfer-encoding encoding for specific values of ContentType.Source
http_close_keep_alive/1Close all keep-alive connections matching Address.Source
http_open/3Open the data at the HTTP server as a Prolog stream.Source
http_set_authorization/2Set user/password to supply with URLs that have URL as prefix.Source
open_hook/6Hook implementation that makes open_any/5 support http and https URLs for Mode == read.Source
http_openid.pl  -- OpenID consumer and server libraryShow source
openid_associate/3Calls openid_associate/4 as.Source
openid_associate/4Associate with an open-id server.Source
openid_authenticate/4Succeeds if Request comes from the OpenID server and confirms that User is a verified OpenID user.Source
openid_current_host/3Find current location of the server.Source
openid_current_url/2Find the public URL for Request that we can make available to our identity provider.Source
openid_grant/1Handle the reply from checkid_setup_server/3.Source
openid_hook/1Call hook on the OpenID management library.Source
openid_logged_in/1True if session is associated with OpenID.Source
openid_login/1Associate the current HTTP session with OpenID.Source
openid_login_form/4Create the OpenID form.Source
openid_logout/1Remove the association of the current session with any OpenID.Source
openid_server/2Realise the OpenID server.Source
openid_server/3True if OpenIDLogin is the typed id for OpenID verified by Server.Source
openid_user/3True if OpenID is a validated OpenID associated with the current session.Source
openid_verify/2Handle the initial login form presented to the user by the relying party (consumer).Source
http_parameters.pl  -- Extract parameters (GET and POST) from HTTP requestsShow source
http_path.pl  -- Abstract specification of HTTP server locationsShow source
location/3Multifile hook used to specify new HTTP locations.Source
http_absolute_location/3Path is the HTTP location for the abstract specification Spec.Source
http_absolute_uri/2URI is the absolute (i.e., starting with http://) URI for the abstract specification Spec.Source
http_clean_location_cache/0HTTP locations resolved through http_absolute_location/3 are cached.Source
http_proxy.pl  -- Use HTTP network proxiesShow source
http_pwp.pl  -- Serve PWP pages through the HTTP serverShow source
http_server.pl  -- HTTP server libraryShow source
http_server/1Create an HTTP server using http_dispatch/1 for handling requests.Source
http_server_files.pl  -- Serve files needed by modules from the serverShow source
http_session.pl  -- HTTP Session managementShow source
http_sgml_plugin.pl  -- Parse of HTML and XML documents for the HTTP client libsShow source
http_ssl_plugin.pl  -- SSL plugin for HTTP librariesShow source
http_stream.pl  -- HTTP StreamsShow source
current_transfer_encoding/1True if Encoding is supported.Source
encoding_filter/3Install a filter to deal with chunked encoded messages.Source
cgi_discard/1Discard content produced sofar.Source
cgi_open/4Process CGI output.Source
cgi_property/2Inquire the status of the CGI stream.Source
cgi_set/2Change one of the properies.Source
cgi_statistics/1Return statistics on the CGI stream subsystem.Source
http_chunked_open/3Create a stream to realise HTTP chunked encoding or decoding.Source
is_cgi_stream/1True if Stream is a CGI stream created using cgi_open/4.Source
multipart_open/3DataStream is a stream that signals end_of_file if the multipart boundary is encountered.Source
multipart_open_next/1Prepare DataStream to read the next part from the multipart input data.Source
stream_range_open/3DataStream is a stream whose size is defined by the option size(ContentLength).Source
http_unix_daemon.pl  -- Run SWI-Prolog HTTP server as a Unix system daemonShow source
sni_options/2Hook to provide Server Name Indication (SNI) for TLS servers.
http_certificate_hook/3Hook called before starting the server if the --https option is used.Source
http_daemon/0Start the HTTP server as a daemon process.Source
http_daemon/1Start the HTTP server as a daemon process.Source
http_server_hook/1Hook that is called to start the HTTP server.Source
http_wrapper.pl  -- Server processing of an HTTP requestShow source
http_current_request/1Returns the HTTP request currently being processed.Source
http_peer/2True when PeerIP is the IP address of the connection peer.Source
http_relative_path/2Convert an absolute path (without host, fragment or search) into a path relative to the current page.Source
http_send_header/1This API provides an alternative for writing the header field as a CGI header.Source
http_spawned/1Internal use only.Source
http_wrap_spawned/3Internal use only.Source
http_wrapper/5Simple wrapper to read and decode an HTTP header from `In', call :Goal while watching for exceptions and send the result to the stream `Out'.Source
hub.pl  -- Manage a hub for websocketsShow source
inetd_httpd.pl  -- Run Prolog HTTP server from Unix inetdShow source
jquery.pl  -- Provide JQueryShow source
js_grammar.pl  -- JavaScript grammarShow source
js_write.pl  -- Utilities for including JavaScriptShow source
json.pl  -- Reading and writing JSON serializationShow source
atom_json_dict/3Convert between textual representation and a JSON term represented as a dict.Source
atom_json_term/3Convert between textual representation and a JSON term.Source
is_json_term/1True if Term is a json term.Source
is_json_term/2True if Term is a json term.Source
json_read/2Read next JSON value from Stream into a Prolog term.Source
json_read/3Read next JSON value from Stream into a Prolog term.Source
json_read_dict/2Read a JSON object, returning objects as a dicts.Source
json_read_dict/3Read a JSON object, returning objects as a dicts.Source
json_write/2Write a JSON term to Stream.Source
json_write/3Write a JSON term to Stream.Source
json_write_dict/2Write a JSON term, represented using dicts.Source
json_write_dict/3Write a JSON term, represented using dicts.Source
json_write_hook/4Hook that can be used to emit a JSON representation for Term to Stream.Source
json_convert.pl  -- Convert between JSON terms and Prolog application termsShow source
mimepack.pl  -- Create a MIME messageShow source
mimetype.pl  -- Determine mime-type for a fileShow source
term_html.pl  -- Represent Prolog terms as HTMLShow source
term/4Render a Prolog term as a structured HTML tree.Source
thread_httpd.pl  -- Threaded HTTP serverShow source
websocket.pl  -- WebSocket supportShow source
http_open_websocket/3Establish a client websocket connection.Source
http_upgrade_to_websocket/3Create a websocket connection running call(Goal, WebSocket), where WebSocket is a socket-pair.Source
ws_close/3Close a WebSocket connection by sending a close message if this was not already sent and wait for the close reply.Source
ws_open/3Turn a raw TCP/IP (or any other binary stream) into a websocket stream.Source
ws_property/2True if Property is a property WebSocket.Source
ws_receive/2Receive the next message from WebSocket.Source
ws_receive/3Receive the next message from WebSocket.Source
ws_send/2Send a message over a websocket.Source
xpce_httpd.pl  -- Process HTTP requests using XPCE socketsShow source
yadis.pl  -- Yadis discoveryShow source
xrds_dom/2True when XRDS_DOM is a parsed XML document for the given resource.Source
xrds_location/2Discover the location of the XRDS document from the given Id.Source