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swiplserverPython library, but starting manually can be useful when debugging Prolog code in some scenarios. See the documentation on "Standalone Mode" for more information.
Once started, the MQI listens for TCP/IP or Unix Domain Socket connections and authenticates them using the password provided (or created depending on options) before processing any messages. The messages processed by the MQI are described below.
debug(mqi(protocol)): Traces protocol messages to show the flow of commands and connections. It is designed to avoid filling the screen with large queries and results to make it easier to read.
debug(mqi(query)): Traces messages that involve each query and its results. Therefore it can be quite verbose depending on the query. __Options__
Options is a list containing any combination of the following options. When used in the Prolog top level (i.e. in Standalone Mode), these are specified as normal Prolog options like this:
mqi_start([unix_domain_socket(Socket), password('a password')])
When using "Embedded Mode" they are passed using the same name but as normal command line arguments like this:
swipl --quiet -g mqi_start -t halt -- --write_connection_values=true --password="a password" --create_unix_domain_socket=true
Note the use of quotes around values that could confuse command line
processing like spaces (e.g. "a password") and that
unix_domain_socket(Variable) is written as
--create_unix_domain_socket=true on the command line. See below for
write_connection_values(true)is set, the selected port is output to STDOUT followed by
\non startup to allow the client language library to retrieve it in "Embedded Mode".
To have one generated instead (recommended), pass Unix_Domain_Socket_Path_And_File as a variable when calling from the Prolog top level and the variable will be unified with a created filename. If launching in "Embedded Mode", instead pass
--create_unix_domain_socket=true since there isn't a way to specify variables from the command line. When generating the file, a temporary directory will be created using tmp_file/2 and a socket file will be created within that directory following the below requirements. If the directory and file are unable to be created for some reason, mqi_start/1 fails.
Regardless of whether the file is specified or generated, if the option
write_connection_values(true) is set, the fully qualified path to the generated file is output to STDOUT followed by
\n on startup to allow the client language library to retrieve it.
Specifying a file to use should follow the same guidelines as the generated file:
write_connection_values(true)is set, the password is output to STDOUT followed by
\non startup to allow the client language library to retrieve it. This is the recommended way to integrate the MQI with a language as it avoids including the password as source code. This option is only included so that a known password can be supplied for when the MQI is running in Standalone Mode.
query_timeout(+Seconds)Sets the default time in seconds that a query is allowed to run before it is cancelled. This can be overridden on a query by query basis. If not set, the default is no timeout (
pending_connections(+Count)Sets the number of pending connections allowed for the MQI as in tcp_listen/2. If not provided, the default is
run_server_on_thread(+Run_Server_On_Thread)Determines whether mqi_start/1 runs in the background on its own thread or blocks until the MQI shuts down. Must be missing or set to
truewhen running in "Embedded Mode" so that the SWI Prolog process can exit properly. If not set, the default is
run_server_on_thread(true). Passing in an atom for Server_Thread will only set the server thread name if
run_server_on_thread(true). If Server_Thread is a variable, it is unified with a generated name.
write_connection_values(+Write_Connection_Values)Determines whether the server writes the port (or generated Unix Domain Socket) and password to STDOUT as it initializes. Used by language libraries to retrieve this information for connecting. If not set, the default is
write_output_to_file(+File)Redirects STDOUT and STDERR to the file path specified. Useful for debugging the MQI when it is being used in "Embedded Mode". If using multiple MQI instances in one SWI Prolog instance, only set this on the first one. Each time it is set the output will be redirected.
To launch embedded mode:
swipl --quiet -g mqi_start -t halt -- --write_connection_values=true
This will start SWI Prolog and invoke the mqi_start/0 predicate and exit the process when that predicate stops. Any command line arguments after the standalone
-- will be passed as Options. These are the same Options that mqi_start/1 accepts and are passed to it directly. Some options are expressed differently due to command line limitations, see mqi_start/1 Options for more information.
Any Option values that cause issues during command line parsing (such as spaces) should be passed with
"" like this:
swipl --quiet -g mqi_start -t halt -- --write_connection_values=true --password="HGJ SOWLWW WNDSJD"