Modules are normally created by loading a module file. A module file is a file holding a module/2 directive as its first term. The module/2 directive declares the name and the public (i.e., externally visible) predicates of the module. The rest of the file is loaded into the module. Below is an example of a module file, defining reverse/2 and hiding the helper predicate rev/3. A module can use all built-in predicates and, by default, cannot redefine system predicates.
:- module(reverse, [reverse/2]). reverse(List1, List2) :- rev(List1, , List2). rev(, List, List). rev([Head|List1], List2, List3) :- rev(List1, [Head|List2], List3).
The module is named
reverse. Typically, the name of a
module is the same as the name of the file by which it is defined
without the filename extension, but this naming is not enforced. Modules
are organised in a single and flat namespace and therefore module names
must be chosen with some care to avoid conflicts. As we will see,
typical applications of the module system rarely use the name of a
module explicitly in the source text.
- :- module(+Module, +PublicList)
- This directive can only be used as the first term of a source file. It
declares the file to be a module file, defining a module named
Module. Note that a module name is an atom. The module
exports the predicates of PublicList. PublicList
is a list of predicate indicators (name/arity or name//arity pairs) or
operator declarations using the format
op(Precedence, Type, Name). Operators defined in the export list are available inside the module as well as to modules importing this module. See also section 4.25.
Compatible to Ciao Prolog, if Module is unbound, it is unified with the basename without extension of the file being loaded.
- :- module(+Module, +PublicList, +Dialect)
- Same as module/2.
The additional Dialect argument provides a list of language
options. Each atom in the list Dialect is mapped to a use_module/1
goal as given below. See also section
C. The third argument is supported for compatibility with the
Prolog Commons project.